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数控车床螺纹的简单原理

作者:迅鹏数控 来源:迅鹏官网 点击:

  YI、CHUANGCHELUOWENSHIZOUDESHISIGANLUXIAN,ERQIEZHUANSUYIDING,ZAITUIDAOSHI,ZHUZHOUDEZHUANDONGFANGXIANGYUJINDAOSHIXIANGFAN(YEJIUSHIFANZHUAN,ERQIESHIWUGUANXINGZHUANDONG)ZHEIJIUBAOZHENGDAOJUJINDAOSHIDOUSHIZAITONGYIDIANSHANG,SHIBUHUILUANYA。SHUKONGCHECHUANGCHELUOWENBULUANYAZHUYAOKAOZHUZHOUSHANGANZHUANGDEBIANMAQISHIXIAN。

  二、螺和车床有相对运动。

  CHELUOWENDEJUTIBUZHOUYUFANGFA:(DISUCHEXUESANJIAOXINGLUOWENVく5MI∕FEN)

  1.车螺纹前对工件的要求:

  (1)LUOWENDAJING:LILUNSHANGDAJINGDENGYUGONGCHENGZHIJING,DANGENJUYULUOMUDEPEIHETACUNZAIYOUXIAPIANCHA(—),SHANGPIANCHAWEI0;YINCIZAIJIAGONGZHONG,ANZHAOLUOWENSANJIJINGDUYAOQIU。LUOWENWAIJINGBIGONGCHENGZHIJINGXIAO0.1p。

  LUOWENWAIJINGD=GONGCHENGZHIJING—0.1p

  (2) TUIDAOCAO:CHELUOWENQIANZAILUOWENDEZHONGDUANYINGYOUTUIDAOCAO,YIBIANCHEDAOJISHITUICHU。

  (3) DAOJIAO:CHELUOWENQIANZAILUOWENDEQISHIBUWEIHEZHONGDUANYINGYOUDAOJIAO,QIEDAOJIAODEXIAODUANZHIJINGくLUOWENDIJING。

  (4) 牙深高度(切削深度):h1=0.6p
数控车床螺纹的简单原理图

  2、调整车床:先转动手柄接通丝杠,根据工件的螺距或导程调整进给箱外手柄所示位置。调整到各手柄到位。

  3、KAICHE、DUIDAOJIXIAKEDUPANDUSHU,XIANGYOUTUICHUCHEDAO。

  4、HESHANGKAIHELUOMU,ZAIGONGJIANBIAOMIANSHANGCHECHUYITIAOLUOXUANXIAN,HENGXIANGTUICHUCHEDAO,BINGKAIFANCHEBACHEDAOTUIDAOYOUDUAN,TINGCHEJIANCHALUOJUSHIFOUZHENGQUE(GANGCHI)。

  5、KAISHIQIEXUE,LIYONGKEDUPANDIAOZHENGQIESHEN(ZHUJIANJIANXIAOQIESHEN)。ZHUYICAOZUOZHONG,CHEDAOJIANGZHONGLESHIYINGZUOHAOTUIDAO、TINGCHEZHUNBEI,XIANKUAISUTUICHUCHEDAO,RANHOUKAIFANCHETUIHUIDAOJIA。CHIDAOSHENDUKONGZHI,CUCHESHIt=0.15~0.3mm,JINGCHESHItく0.05mm。

  三、螺纹的测量:

  1、单向测量法:

  (1) DINGJINGDECELIANG:LUOWENDINGJINGDECHICUN,YIBANDOUYUNXUYOUJIAODADEWUCHA,WAILUOWENDINGJINGKEYONGYOUBIAOKACHIHUOQIANFENCHICELIANG,NEILUOWENDINGJINGKEYONGYOUBIAOKACHICELIANG。

  (2)LUOJUDECELIANG:LUOJUYIBANKEYONGGANGCHICELIANG,

  (3)ZHONGJINGDECELIANG:(1)YONGLUOWENQIANFENCHICELIANGLUOWENZHONGJING。(2)YONGSANZHENFACELIANGLUOWENZHONGJING。SANZHENFACELIANGLUOWENZHONGJINGSHIYIZHONGBIJIAOJINGMIDECELIANGFANGFA。

  2、综合测量法:综合测量法就是对螺纹的各项尺寸用螺纹量规进行综合性的测量
数控车床螺纹的简单原理图

  四、安全生产:

  (1)CHELUOWENQIANJIANCHACHECHUANGZHENGFANCHECAOZONGJIGOUJIKAIHELUOMUDENG,YIFANGCAOZUOSHILING。

  (2)ZAICHIDAOSHIZHUYIBUYAODUOYAOJINYIQUAN,FOUZEHUIFASHENGCHEDAOZHUANGHUAI,GONGJIANDINGWANHUOFEICHUDENGSHIGU。

  (3) BUNENGYONGSHOUMOLUOWENBIAOMIAN,GENGBUNENGYONGMIANSHAQUCAZHENGZAIXUANZHUANDELUOWENGONGJIAN,YIFANGFASHENGSHIGU。

  PUTONGCHECHUANGSHANGJIAGONGLUOWENYIBANSHIYONGLUOWENCHEDAOJINXINGJIAGONG。JIAGONGDELUOWENZHILIANGQUJUEYUJIAGONGZHEDEJISHUSHUIPING、JICHUANGDEJINGDUHELUOWENCHEDAORENMODEZHILIANG。

  LUOWENSHUDAOSHILUOWENJICHUANGSHANGCHANGYONGDEDAOJU,QIZHIZAOJINGDUJIAOGAO(YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,LUOWENSHUDAODELUOWENCHIYOULUOWENMOCHUANGMOCHU),PUBIANYONGDESHI4GEYITAO。ZAIQICHEZHIZAODENGJIXIEXINGYEZHONGYINGYONGJIAODUO,XIAOHAOLIANGYEJIAODA。YINWEILUOWENSHUDAOSHICHENGTAOSHIYONG,ZHIYAOQIZHONGSUNHUAIYIGE,JIUYAOQUANTAOBAOFEI,ZAOCHENGLANGFEI。

  LUOWENSHUDAOSHIZHISHANGSHIDUOCHIDELUOWENCHEDAO,TAJIYOUQIEXUEBUFENYOUYOUXIAOZHUNBUFEN,SUOYILUOWENSHUDAOYAOBIYONGLUOWENCHEDAOJIAGONGCHUDELUOWENZHILIANGHAO。YOUYULUOWENSHUDAOZAIDAGUIMOSHENGCHANZHONGXIAOHAOJIAODUO,JIUKEZAIBAOFEIDELUOWENSHUDAOZHONGXUANYIGEJIAOHAODEPINGTISHUDAO(YECHENGPINGTIBANYA)ANTUSUOSHIJIAGONGCHUSHUDAOJIACHIQI,JIANGPINGSHUDAOJIACHIQISHANG,YONGZAIPUTONGCHECHUANGSHANGJIAGONGZHANGLUOWENLINGJIAN。JISHICAOZUOZHEJISHUSHUIPINGBUGAO,JICHUANGJINGDUJIAOCHA,YENENGRONGYIJIAGONGCHUJIAOMANYIDELUOWEN。DANGLUOWENDAOCHENGSHI1mmZUOYOUSHI,YICIZOUDAOBIANNENGCHENGXING,DAORENDEMOSUNYEHENJUNYUN。ZHEIYANGZUO,JINENGHENKUAIJIAGONGCHUJIAOGAOZHILIANGDELUOWEN,YOUNENGCHONGFENLIYONGBAOFEIDELUOWENSHUDAO,TONGSHICAOZUOZHEYEBUBIYAOQIUJUYOUJIAOGAODEJISHUSHUIPINGHUODENGJI,SHISHUYIJUDUODE。RUOYOUTIAOJIANLIYONGBENFANGFA,JINENGBAOZHENGJIAGONGLINGJIANDELUOWENZHILIANG,YOUNENGJIEYUECHENGBEN,TETUIJIANSHIYONG。

  按以上方法推理,在加工螺纹时,只要螺纹的导程和螺纹长度合适,使用螺纹切头上报废的圆体螺纹梳刀或使用报废的螺纹铣刀,只要配以事先加工出合适的圆梳刀或螺纹铣刀夹持器也可达到以上效果。圆梳刀或螺纹铣刀夹持器设计可参考圆样板车刀夹持器。以上加工螺纹方法,也可在简易(经济型)数控车床上使用。
  上述就是迅鹏数控官网为您整理的数控车床车螺纹的简单原理,希望可以给您带来帮助。

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