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数控机床的分类?

作者:迅鹏数控 来源:迅鹏官网 点击:

  工艺用途分类

  1、普通数控机床

  PUTONGSHUKONGJICHUANGYIBANZHIZAIJIAGONGGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIGEGONGXUSHANGSHIXIANSHUZIKONGZHIDEZIDONGHUAJICHUANG,RUSHUKONGXIANCHUANG、SHUKONGCHECHUANG、SHUKONGZUANCHUANG、SHUKONGMOCHUANGYUSHUKONGCHILUNJIAGONGJICHUANGDENG。PUTONGSHUKONGJICHUANGZAIZIDONGHUACHENGDUSHANGHAIBUGOUWANSHAN,DAOJUDEGENGHUANYULINGJIANDEZHUANGJIARENGXURENGONGLAIWANCHENG。

  2、加工中心

  JIAGONGZHONGXINSHIDAIYOUDAOKUHEZIDONGHUANDAOZHUANGZHIDESHUKONGJICHUANG,TAJIANGSHUKONGXIANCHUANG、SHUKONGTANGCHUANG、SHUKONGZUANCHUANGDEGONGNENGZUHEZAIYIQI,LINGJIANZAIYICIZHUANGJIAHOU,KEYIJIANGQIDABUFENJIAGONGMIANJINXINGXIANXUE。

  运动方式分类

  1、点位控制数控机床

  SHUKONGXITONGZHIKONGZHIDAOJUCONGYIDIANDAOLINGYIDIANDEZHUNQUEWEIZHI,ERBUKONGZHIYUNDONGGUIJI,GEZUOBIAOZHOUZHIJIANDEYUNDONGSHIBUXIANGGUANDE,ZAIYIDONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUIGONGJIANJINXINGJIAGONG。ZHEILEISHUKONGJICHUANGZHUYAOYOUSHUKONGZUANCHUANG、SHUKONGZUOBIAOTANGCHUANG、SHUKONGCHONGCHUANGDENG。

  2、直线控制数控机床

  SHUKONGXITONGCHULEKONGZHIDIANYUDIANZHIJIANDEZHUNQUEWEIZHIWAI,HAIYAOBAOZHENGLIANGDIANJIANDEYIDONGGUIJIWEIYIZHIXIAN,BINGQIEDUIYIDONGSUDUYEYAOJINXINGKONGZHI,YECHENGDIANWEIZHIXIANKONGZHI。ZHEILEISHUKONGJICHUANGZHUYAOYOUBIJIAOJIANDANDESHUKONGCHECHUANG、SHUKONGXIANCHUANG、SHUKONGMOCHUANGDENG。DANCHUNYONGYUZHIXIANKONGZHIDESHUKONGJICHUANGYIBUDUOJIAN。

  3、轮廓控制数控机床

  轮廓控制的特点是能够对两个或两个以上的运动坐标的位移和速度同时进行连续相关的控制,它不仅要控制机床移动部件的起点与终点坐标,而且要控制整个加工过程的每一点的速度、方向和位移量,也称为连续控制数控机床。这类数控机床主要有数控车床、数控铣床、数控线切割机床、加工中心等。
数控机床的分类?图

  控制方式分类

  1、开环控制数控机床

  ZHEILEIJICHUANGBUDAIWEIZHIJIANCEFANKUIZHUANGZHI,TONGCHANGYONGBUJINDIANJIZUOWEIZHIXINGJIGOU。SHURUSHUJUJINGGUOSHUKONGXITONGDEYUNSUAN,FACHUMAICHONGZHILING,SHIBUJINDIANJIZHUANGUOYIGEBUJUJIAO,ZAITONGGUOJIXIECHUANDONGJIGOUZHUANHUANWEIGONGZUOTAIDEZHIXIANYIDONG,YIDONGBUJIANDEYIDONGSUDUHEWEIYILIANGYOUSHURUMAICHONGDEPINLVHEMAICHONGGESHUSUOJUEDING。

  2、半闭环控制数控机床

  ZAIDIANJIDEDUANTOUHUOSIGANGDEDUANTOUANZHUANGJIANCEYUANJIAN,TONGGUOJIANCEQIZHUANJIAOLAIJIANJIEJIANCEYIDONGBUJIANDEWEIYI,RANHOUFANKUIDAOSHUKONGXITONGZHONG。YOUYUDABUFENJIXIECHUANDONGHUANJIEWEIBAOKUOZAIXITONGBIHUANHUANLUNEI,YINCIKEHUODEJIAOWENDINGDEKONGZHITEXING。QIKONGZHIJINGDUSUIBURUBIHUANKONGZHISHUKONGJICHUANG,DANDIAOSHIBIJIAOFANGBIAN,YINERBEIGUANGFANCAIYONG。

  3、闭环控制数控机床

  ZHEILEISHUKONGJICHUANGDAIYOUWEIZHIJIANCEFANKUIZHUANGZHI,QIWEIZHIJIANCEFANKUIZHUANGZHICAIYONGZHIXIANWEIYIJIANCEYUANJIAN,ZHIJIEANZHUANGZAIJICHUANGDEYIDONGBUJIANSHANG,JIANGCELIANGJIEGUOZHIJIEFANKUIDAOSHUKONGZHUANGZHIZHONG,TONGGUOFANKUIKEXIAOCHUCONGDIANDONGJIDAOJICHUANGYIDONGBUJIANZHENGGEJIXIECHUANDONGLIANZHONGDECHUANDONGWUCHA,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANJINGQUEDINGWEI。

  扩展资料

  数控机床诊断方法

  1、直观法

  LIYONGGANJUEQIGUAN,ZHUYIFASHENGGUZHANGSHIDEGEZHONGXIANXIANG,RUGUZHANGSHIYOUWUHUOHUA、LIANGGUANGCHANSHENG,YOUWUYICHANGXIANGSHENG、HECHUYICHANGFAREJIYOUWUJIAOHUWEIDENG。ZIXIGUANCHAKENENGFASHENGGUZHANGDEMEIKUAIYINZHIXIANLUBANDEBIAOMIANZHUANGKUANG,YOUWUSHAOHUIHESUNSHANGHENJI,YIJINYIBUSUOXIAOJIANCHAFANWEI,ZHEISHIYIZHONGZUIJIBEN、ZUICHANGYONGDEFANGFA。

  2、CNC 系统的自诊断功能

  YIKAOCNCXITONGKUAISUCHULISHUJUDENENGLI,DUICHUCUOBUWEIJINXINGDUOLU、KUAISUDEXINHAOCAIJIHECHULI,RANHOUYOUZHENDUANCHENGXUJINXINGLUOJIFENXIPANDUAN,YIQUEDINGXITONGSHIFOUCUNZAIGUZHANG,JISHIDUIGUZHANGJINXINGDINGWEI。

  XIANDAICNCXITONGZIZHENDUANGONGNENGKEYIFENWEIYIXIALIANGLEI:

  (1)KAIJIZIZHENDUANKAIJIZIZHENDUANSHIZHICONGMEICITONGDIANKAISHIZHIJINRUZHENGCHANGDEYUNXINGZHUNBEIZHUANGTAIWEIZHI,XITONGNEIBUDEZHENDUANCHENGXUZIDONGZHIXINGDUICPU、CUNCHUQI、ZONGXIAN、I/ODANYUANDENGMOKUAI、YINZHIXIANLUBAN、CRT DANYUAN、GUANGDIANYUEDUJIJIRUANPANQUDONGQIDENGSHEBEIYUNXINGQIANDEGONGNENGCESHI,QUERENXITONGDEZHUYAOYINGJIANSHIFOUKEYIZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

  (2)GUZHANGXINXITISHIDANGJICHUANGYUNXINGZHONGFASHENGGUZHANGSHI,ZAICRT XIANSHIQISHANGHUIXIANSHIBIANHAOHENEIRONG。GENJUTISHI,CHAYUEYOUGUANWEIXIUSHOUCE,QUERENYINQIGUZHANGDEYUANYINJIPAICHUFANGFA。YIBANLAISHUO,SHUKONGJICHUANGZHENDUANGONGNENGTISHIDEGUZHANGXINXIYUEFENGFU,YUENENGJIGUZHANGZHENDUANDAILAIFANGBIAN。

  3、数据和状态检查

  CNCXITONGDEZIZHENDUANBUDANNENGZAICRT XIANSHIQISHANGXIANSHIGUZHANGBAOJINGXINXI,ERQIENENGYIDUOYEDE“ZHENDUANDIZHI”HE“ZHENDUANSHUJU”DEXINGSHITIGONGJICHUANGCANSHUHEZHUANGTAIXINXI。

  CHANGJIANDESHUJUHEZHUANGTAIJIANCHAYOUCANSHUJIANCHAHEJIEKOUJIANCHALIANGZHONG。

  (1)CANSHUJIANCHASHUKONGJICHUANGDEJICHUANGSHUJUSHIJINGGUOYIXILIESHIYANHEDIAOZHENGERHUODEDEZHONGYAOCANSHU,SHIJICHUANGZHENGCHANGYUNXINGDEBAOZHENG。ZHEIXIESHUJUBAOKUOZENGYI、JIASUDU、LUNKUOJIANKONGYUNCHA、FANXIANGJIANXIBUCHANGZHIHESIGANGLUOJUBUCHANGZHIDENG。DANGSHOUDAOWAIBUGANRAOSHI,HUISHISHUJUDIUSHIHUOFASHENGHUNLUAN,JICHUANGBUNENGZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

  (2)JIEKOUJIANCHACNCXITONGYUJICHUANGZHIJIANDESHURU/SHUCHUJIEKOUXINHAOBAOKUOCNC XITONGYUPLC、PLC YUJICHUANGZHIJIANJIEKOUSHURU/SHUCHUXINHAO。SHUKONGXITONGDESHURU/SHUCHUJIEKOUZHENDUANNENGJIANGSUOYOUKAIGUANLIANGXINHAODEZHUANGTAIXIANSHIZAICRT XIANSHIQISHANG,YONG“1”HUO“0”BIAOSHIXINHAODEYOUWU,LIYONGZHUANGTAIXIANSHIKEYIJIANCHACNCXITONGSHIFOUYIJIANGXINHAOSHUCHUDAOJICHUANGCE,JICHUANGCEDEKAIGUANLIANGDENGXINHAOSHIFOUYISHURUDAOCNC XITONG,CONGERKEJIANGGUZHANGDINGWEIZAIJICHUANGCEHUOSHIZAICNC XITONG。

  4、报警指示灯显示故障

  现代数控机床的CNC 系统内部,除了上述的自诊断功能和状态显示等“软件”报警外,还有许多“硬件”报警指示灯,它们分布在电源、伺服驱动和输入/输出等装置上,根据这些报警灯的指示可判断故障的原因。
数控机床的分类?图

  5、备板置换法

  LIYONGBEIYONGDEDIANLUBANLAITIHUANYOUGUZHANGYIDIANDEMOBAN,SHIYIZHONGKUAISUERJIANBIANDEPANDUANGUZHANGYUANYINDEFANGFA,CHANGYONGYUCNC XITONGDEGONGNENGMOKUAI,RUCRT MOKUAI、CUNCHUQIMOKUAIDENG。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,BEIBANZHIHUANQIAN,YINGJIANCHAYOUGUANDIANLU,YIMIANYOUYUDUANLUERZAOCHENGHAOBANSUNHUAI。

  TONGSHI,HAIYINGJIANCHASHIYANBANSHANGDEXUANZEKAIGUANHEKUAJIEXIANSHIFOUYUYUANMOBANYIZHI,YOUXIEMOBANHAIYAOZHUYIMOBANSHANGDIANWEIQIDEDIAOZHENG。ZHIHUANCUNCHUQIBANHOU,YINGGENJUXITONGDEYAOQIU,DUICUNCHUQIJINXINGCHUSHIHUACAOZUO,FOUZEXITONGRENGBUNENGZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

  6、交换法

  ZAISHUKONGJICHUANGZHONG,CHANGYOUGONGNENGXIANGTONGDEMOKUAIHUODANYUAN,JIANGXIANGTONGMOKUAIHUODANYUANHUXIANGJIAOHUAN,GUANCHAGUZHANGZHUANYIDEQINGKUANG,JIUNENGKUAISUQUEDINGGUZHANGDEBUWEI。ZHEIZHONGFANGFACHANGYONGYUSIFUJINJIQUDONGZHUANGZHIDEGUZHANGJIANCHA,YEKEYONGYUCNC XITONGNEIXIANGTONGMOKUAIDEHUHUAN。

  7、敲击法

  CNC XITONGYOUGEZHONGDIANLUBANZUCHENG,MEIKUAIDIANLUBANSHANGHUIYOUHENDUOHANDIAN,RENHEXUHANHUOJIECHUBULIANGDOUKENENGCHUXIANGUZHANG。YONGJUEYUANWUQINGQINGQIAODAYOUGUZHANGYIDIANDEDIANLUBAN、JIECHAJIANHUODIANQIYUANJIANSHI,RUOGUZHANGCHUXIAN,ZEGUZHANGHENKENENGJIUZAIQIAOJIDEBUWEI。

  8、测量比较法

  WEIJIANCEFANGBIAN,MOKUAIHUODANYUANSHANGSHEYOUJIANCEDUANZI,LIYONGWANYONGBIAO、SHIBOQIDENGYIQIYIBIAO,TONGGUOZHEIXIEDUANZIJIANCEDAODEDIANPINGHUOBOXING,JIANGZHENGCHANGZHIYUGUZHANGSHIDEZHIXIANGBIJIAO,KEYIFENXICHUGUZHANGDEYUANYINJIGUZHANGDESUOZAIWEIZHI。YOUYUSHUKONGJICHUANGJUYOUZONGHEXINGHEFUZAXINGDETEDIAN,YINQIGUZHANGDEYINSUSHIDUOFANGMIANDE。

  SHANGSHUGUZHANGZHENDUANFANGFAYOUSHIYAOJIZHONGTONGSHIYINGYONG,DUIGUZHANGJINXINGZONGHEFENXI,KUAISUZHENDUANCHUGUZHANGDEBUWEI,CONGERPAICHUGUZHANG。TONGSHI,YOUXIEGUZHANGXIANXIANGSHIDIANQIFANGMIANDE,DANYINQIDEYUANYINSHIJIXIEFANGMIANDE;FANZHI,YEKENENGGUZHANGXIANXIANGSHIJIXIEFANGMIANDE,DANYINQIDEYUANYINSHIDIANQIFANGMIANDE;HUOZHEERZHEJIANERYOUZHI。YINCI,DUITADEGUZHANGZHENDUANWANGWANGBUNENGDANCHUNDIGUIYINYUDIANQIFANGMIANHUOJIXIEFANGMIAN,ERBIXUJIAYIZONGHE,QUANFANGWEIDIJINXINGKAOLV。

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