天博体育

无锡迅鹏数控科技有限天博体育欢迎您的到访!

专注CNC数控车床设备研发制造
买机床找迅鹏,高精智能,让您更轻松!

全国咨询热线15006199027

数控铣床操作的全过程和注意事项

作者:迅鹏数控 来源:迅鹏官网 点击:

  1、数控铣床一般操作步骤

  (1)SHUXIEHUOBIANCHENGJIAGONGQIANYINGSHOUXIANBIANZHIGONGJIANDEJIAGONGCHENGXU,RUGUOGONGJIANDEJIAGONGCHENGXUJIAOZHANGQIEBIJIAOFUZASHI,ZUIHAOBUYAOZAIJICHUANGSHANGBIANCHENG,ERCAIYONGBIANCHENGJIHUODIANNAOBIANCHENG,ZHEIYANGKEYIBIMIANZHANYONGJISHI,DUIYUDUANCHENGXUYEYINGXIEZAICHENGXUDANSHANG。

  (2)KAIJIYIBANSHIXIANKAIJICHUANGZAIKAIXITONG,YOUDESHEJIERZHESHIHUSUODE,JICHUANGBUTONGDIANJIUBUNENGZAICRTSHANGXIANSHIXINXI。

  (3)HUICANKAODIANDUIYUZENGLIANGKONGZHIXITONG(SHIYONGZENGLIANGSHIWEIZHIJIANCEYUANJIAN)DEJICHUANG,BIXUSHOUXIANZHIXINGZHEIYIBU,YIJIANLIJICHUANGGEZUOBIAODEYIDONGJIZHUN。

  (4)DIAOJIAGONGCHENGXUGENJUCHENGXUDECUNCHUJIEZHI(ZHIDAIHUOCIDAI、CIPAN),KEYIYONGZHIDAIYUEDUJI、HESHICIDAIJI、BIANCHENGJIHUOCHUANKOUTONGXINSHURU,RUOSHIJIANDANCHENGXUKEZHIJIECAIYONGJIANPANZAICNCKONGZHIMIANBANSHANGSHUREN,RUOCHENGXUFEICHANGJIANDANQIEZHIJIAGONGYIJIAN,CHENGXUMEIYOUBAOCUNDEBIYAO。KECAIYONGMDIFANGSHIZHUDUANSHUREN、ZHUDUANJIAGONG。LINGWAI,CHENGXUZHONGYONGDAODEGONGJIANYUANDIAN、DAOJUCANSHU、PIANZHILIANG、GEZHONGBUCHANGLIANGZAIJIAGONGQIANYEBIXUSHUREN。

  (5)CHENGXUDEBIANJISHURENDECHENGXURUOXUYAOXIUGAI,ZEYAOJINXINGBIANJICAOZUO。CISHI,JIANGFANGSHIXUANZEKAIGUANZHIYUBIANJIWEIZHI,LIYONGBIANJIJIANJINXINGZENGJIA、SHANCHU、GENGGAI。GUANYUBIANJIFANGFAKEJIANXIANGYINGDESHUOMINGSHU。

  (6)JICHUANGSUOZHU,YUNXINGCHENGXUCIBUZHOUSHIDUICHENGXUJINXINGJIANCHA,RUOYOUCUOWU,ZEXUZHONGXINJINXINGBIANJI。

  (7)上工件、找正对刀采用手动增量移动,连续移动或采用手摇轮移动机床。将起刀点对到程序的起始处,并对好刀具的基准。
数控铣床操作的全过程和注意事项图

  (8)QIDONGZUOBIAOJINJIJINXINGLIANXUJIAGONGYIBANSHICAIYONGCUNCHUQIZHONGCHENGXUJIAGONG。ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIBICAIYONGZHIDAISHANGCHENGXUJIAGONGGUZHANGLVDI。JIAGONGZHONGDEJINJISUDUKECAIYONGJINJIBEILVKAIGUANDIAOJIE。JIAGONGZHONGKEYIANJINJIBAOCHIANNIU,ZANTINGJINJIYUNDONG,GUANCHAJIAGONGQINGKUANGHUOJINXINGSHOUGONGCELIANG。ZAIANXIAXUNHUANQIDONGANNIU,JIKEHUIFUJIAGONG。WEIQUEBAOCHENGXUZHENGQUEWUWU,JIAGONGQIANYINGZAIFUCHAYIBIAN。ZAIXIANXUEJIAGONGSHI,DUIYUPINGMIANQUXIANGONGJIAN,KECAIYONGQIANBIDAITIDAOJUZAIZHISHANGMIANGONGJIANLUNKUO,ZHEIYANGBIJIAOZHIGUAN。RUOXITONGJUYOUDAOJUGUIJIMONIGONGNENGZEKEYONGQIJIANCHACHENGXUDEZHENGQUEXING。

  (9)CAOZUOXIANSHILIYONGCRTDEGEGEHUAMIANXIANSHIGONGZUOTAIHUODAOJUDEWEIZHI、CHENGXUHEJICHUANGDEZHUANGTAI,YISHICAOZUOGONGRENJIANSHIJIAGONGQINGKUANG。

  (10)CHENGXUSHUCHUJIAGONGJIESHUHOU,RUOCHENGXUYOUBAOCUNBIYAO,KEYILIUZAICNCDENEICUNZHONG,RUOCHENGXUTAIZHANG,KEYIBANEICUNZHONGDECHENGXUSHUCHUJIWAIBUSHEBEI(LIRUCHUANKONGJI),ZAICHUANKONGZHIDAI(HUOCIDAI、CIPANDENG)SHANGJIAYIBAOCUN。

  (11)GUANJIYIBANYINGXIANGUANJICHUANGZAIGUANXITONG。

  2、数控铣床操作过程中的注意事项

  (1)MEICIKAIJIQIANYAOJIANCHAYIXIAXIANCHUANGHOUMIANRUNHUAYOUBENGZHONGDERUNHUAYOUSHIFOUCHONGYU,KONGQIYASUOJISHIFOUDAKAI,QIEXUEYESUOYONGDEJIXIEYOUSHIFOUZUGOUDENG。

  (2)KAIJISHI,SHOUXIANDAKAIZONGDIANYUAN,RANHOUANXIACNCDIANYUANZHONGDEKAIQIANNIU,BAJITINGANNIUSHUNSHIZHENXUANZHUAN,DENGXIANCHUANGJIANCEWANSUOYOUGONGNENGHOU(XIACAOZUOMIANBANSHANGDEYIPAIHONGSEZHISHIDENGXIDIAO),ANXIAJICHUANGANNIU,SHIXIANCHUANGFUWEI,CHUYUDAIMINGZHUANGTAI。

  (3)ZAISHOUDONGCAOZUOSHI,BIXUSHIKEZHUYI,ZAIJINXINGX、YFANGXIANGYIDONGQIAN,BIXUSHIZZHOUCHUYUTAIDAOWEIZHI。YIDONGGUOCHENGZHONG,BUNENGZHIKANCRTPINGMUZHONGZUOBIAOWEIZHIDEBIANHUA,ERYAOGUANCHADAOJUDEYIDONG,DENGDAOJUYIDONGDAOWEIHOU,ZAIKANCRTPINGMUJINXINGWEIDIAO。

  (4)ZAIBIANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIYUCHUXUEZHELAISHUO,JINLIANGSHAOYONGG00ZHILING,TEBIEZAIX, Y,ZSANZHOULIANDONGZHONG,GENGYINGZHUYI。ZAIZOUKONGDAOSHI,YINGBAZZHOUDEYIDONGYUX、YZHOUDEYIDONGFENKAIJINXING,JIDUOTAIDAO、SHAOXIECHA。YOUSHIYOUYUXIECHASHI,DAOJUHUIPENGDAOGONGJIANERFASHENGDAOJUDEPOHUAI。

  (5)ZAISHIYONGDIANNAOJINXINGCHUANKOUTONGXINSHI,YAOZUODAO:XIANKAIXIANCHUANG、HOUKAIDIANNAO;XIANGUANDIANNAO、HOUGUANXIANCHUANG。BIMIANXIANCHUANGZAIKAIGUANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUDIANLIUDESHUNJIANBIANHUAERCHONGJIDIANNAO。

  (6)ZAILIYONGDNC(DIANNAOYUXIANCHUANGZHIJIANXIANGHUJINXINGCHENGXUDESHUSONG)GONGNENGSHI,YAOZHUYIXIANCHUANGDENEICUNRONGLIANG,YIBANCONGDIANNAOXIANGXIANCHUANGCHUANSHUDECHENGXUZONGZIJIESHUYINGXIAOYU23kB。RUGUOCHENGXUBIJIAOZHANG,ZEBIXUCAIYONGYOUDIANNAOBIANCHUANSHUBIANJIAGONGDEFANGFA,DANCHENGXUDUANHAO,BUDECHAOGUON9999。RUGUOCHENGXUDUANCHAOGUO1WANGE,KEYIJIEZHUMASTERCAMZHONGDECHENGXUBIANJIGONGNENG,BACHENGXUDUANHAOQUXIAO。

  (7)JICHUANGCHUXIANBAOJINGSHI,YAOGENJUBAOJINGHAOCHAZHAOYUANYIN,JISHIJIECHUBAOJING,BUKEGUANJILESHI,FOUZEKAIJIHOURENGCHUYUBAOJINGZHUANGTAI。

  3、采用寻边器对刀,其详细步骤如下:

  ( 1 ) X 、 Y 向对刀

  ①JIANGGONGJIANTONGGUOJIAJUZHUANGZAIJICHUANGGONGZUOTAISHANG,ZHUANGJIASHI,GONGJIANDESIGECEMIANDOUYINGLIUCHUXUNBIANQIDECELIANGWEIZHI。

  ②KUAISUYIDONGGONGZUOTAIHEZHUZHOU,RANGXUNBIANQICETOUKAOJINGONGJIANDEZUOCE;

  ③GAIYONGWEIDIAOCAOZUO,RANGCETOUMANMANJIECHUDAOGONGJIANZUOCE,ZHIDAOXUNBIANQIFAGUANG,JIXIACISHIJICHUANGZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE X ZUOBIAOZHI, RU -310.300 ;

  ④TAIQIXUNBIANQIZHIGONGJIANSHANGBIAOMIANZHISHANG,KUAISUYIDONGGONGZUOTAIHEZHUZHOU,RANGCETOUKAOJINGONGJIANYOUCE;

  ⑤GAIYONGWEIDIAOCAOZUO,RANGCETOUMANMANJIECHUDAOGONGJIANZUOCE,ZHIDAOXUNBIANQIFAGUANG,JIXIACISHIJIXIEZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE X ZUOBIAOZHI,RU -200.300 ;

  ⑥RUOCETOUZHIJINGWEI 10mm ,ZEGONGJIANZHANGDUWEI -200.300-(-310.300)-10=100 ,JUCIKEDEGONGJIANZUOBIAOXIYUANDIAN W ZAIJICHUANGZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE X ZUOBIAOZHIWEI -310.300+100/2+5= -255.300 ;

  ⑦TONGLIKECEDEGONGJIANZUOBIAOXIYUANDIAN W ZAIJIXIEZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE Y ZUOBIAOZHI。

  ( 2 ) Z 向对刀

  ①XIEXIAXUNBIANQI,JIANGJIAGONGSUOYONGDAOJUZHUANGSHANGZHUZHOU;

  ②JIANG Z ZHOUSHEDINGQI(HUOGUDINGGAODUDEDUIDAOKUAI,YIXIATONG)FANGZHIZAIGONGJIANSHANGPINGMIANSHANG;

  ③KUAISUYIDONGZHUZHOU,RANGDAOJUDUANMIANKAOJIN Z ZHOUSHEDINGQISHANGBIAOMIAN;

  ④GAIYONGWEIDIAOCAOZUO,RANGDAOJUDUANMIANMANMANJIECHUDAO Z ZHOUSHEDINGQISHANGBIAOMIAN,ZHIDAOQIZHIZHENZHISHIDAOLINGWEI;

  ⑤JIXIACISHIJICHUANGZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE Z ZHI,RU -250.800 ;

  ⑥RUO Z ZHOUSHEDINGQIDEGAODUWEI 50mm ,ZEGONGJIANZUOBIAOXIYUANDIAN W ZAIJIXIEZUOBIAOXIZHONGDE Z ZUOBIAOZHIWEI -250.800-50-( 30-20)=-310.800 。

  ( 3 )将测得的 X 、 Y 、 Z 值输入到机床工件坐标系存储地址中( 一般使用 G54-G59 代码存储对刀参数 )。
数控铣床操作的全过程和注意事项图

  4、注意事项

  在对刀操作过程中需注意以下问题:

  ( 1 )GENJUJIAGONGYAOQIUCAIYONGZHENGQUEDEDUIDAOGONGJU,KONGZHIDUIDAOWUCHA;

  ( 2 )ZAIDUIDAOGUOCHENGZHONG,KETONGGUOGAIBIANWEIDIAOJINJILIANGLAITIGAODUIDAOJINGDU;

  ( 3 )DUIDAOSHIXUXIAOXINJINSHENCAOZUO,YOUQIYAOZHUYIYIDONGFANGXIANG,BIMIANFASHENGPENGZHUANGWEIXIAN;

  ( 4 )对刀数据一定要存入与程序对应的存储地址,防止因调用错误而产生严重后果。
  上述就是迅鹏数控官网为您整理的数控铣床操作的全过程和注意事项,希望能给您带来帮助。

推荐天博体育

天博体育相关的文章

天博体育
电话
地址