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来自数控机床厂老操作员的分享:怎样提高工件加工的精度和效率?

作者:迅鹏科技 来源:迅鹏官网 点击:

  XUNPENGSHUKONGJICHUANGCHANGJIATOUSHENSHUKONGCHECHUANGXINGYEYIJING12NIAN,YOUCHAOGUO8NIANDELAOYUANGONGYONGYOUFENGFUDECAOZUOJINGYANHEZONGJIEDEGANHUO,TAMENSHICHANGXIANGXINYUANGONGFENXIANG,MUDEJIUSHIRANGTAMENHENKUAIZHANGWOGONGZUOJIQIAO,TISHENGSHUKONGCHECHUANGGONGJIANJIAGONGDEJINGDUHEXIAOLV。

  其实影响工件的最终加工精度和加工效率,除了数控机床的原因外,还应考虑合理的加工路线设置、刀具选择和正确安装、合理选择切削量、编程技巧和尺寸精度的快速控制。
来自数控机床厂老操作员的分享:怎样提高工件加工的精度和效率?图

  首先天博体育先来说一下编程技能:

  SHUKONGBIANCHENGSHISHUKONGJIAGONGZUIJICHUDEGONGZUO,GONGJIANJIAGONGBIANCHENGDEZHILIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGJICHUANGDEZUIZHONGJIAGONGJINGDUHEXIAOLV。KEYISHULIANSHIYONGGUYOUCHENGXU,JIANSHAOSHUKONGXITONGDELEIJIWUCHA,LINGHUOSHIYONGZHUCHENGXUHEZICHENGXU。

  1、灵活使用主程序和子程序

  ZAIFUZAMOJUJIAGONGZHONG,YIBANYIYIMODUOJIANDEXINGSHIJINXINGJIAGONG。RUGUOMOJUSHANGYOUJIGEXIANGTONGDEXINGZHUANG,YINGLINGHUOSHIYONGZHUCHENGXUHEZICHENGXUDEGUANXI,ZICHENGXUYINGZAIZHUCHENGXUZHONGZHONGFUDIAOYONG,ZHIDAOJIAGONGWANCHENG。JINENGBAOZHENGJIAGONGCHICUNDEYIZHIXING,YOUNENGTIGAOQIJIAGONGXIAOLV。

  2.减少数控系统的累积误差

  YIBANLAISHUO,ZENGLIANGBIANCHENGYONGYUJIAGONGGONGJIAN,ZHEISHIJIYUQIANMIANDEGUANDIAN。YINCI,LIANXUZHIXINGDUODUANCHENGXUBIRANHUICHANSHENGYIDINGDELEIJIWUCHA。SUOYIBIANCHENGSHIJINLIANGCAIYONGJUEDUIBIANCHENG,SHIMEIGECHENGXUDUANDOUYIGONGJIANYUANDIANWEIJIZHUN,KEYIJIANSHAOSHUKONGXITONGDELEIJIWUCHA,BAOZHENGJIAGONGJINGDU。

  JIAGONGJINGDUZHUYAOYONGYUSHENGCHANTIANBOTIYU,JIAGONGJINGDUHEJIAGONGWUCHASHIPINGJIAJIAGONGBIAOMIANJIHECANSHUDESHUYU。RANER,RENHEJIAGONGFANGFAHUODEDESHIJICANSHUDOUBUSHIJUEDUIZHUNQUEDE。CONGLINGJIANDEGONGNENGLAISHUO,ZHIYAOJIAGONGWUCHAZAILINGJIANTUYAOQIUDEGONGCHAFANWEINEI,JIAGONGJINGDUSHIYOUBAOZHENGDE。

  JIAGONGJINGDUSHIZHIJIAGONGHOULINGJIANDESHIJIJIHECANSHU(CHICUN、XINGZHUANG、WEIZHI)YULIXIANGJIHECANSHUYIZHIDECHENGDU。LIANGZHEDEQUBIEJIAOZUOJIAGONGWUCHA。JIAGONGWUCHAFANYINGLEJIAGONGJINGDU。WUCHAYUEDA,JIAGONGJINGDUYUEDI,WUCHAYUEXIAO,JIAGONGJINGDUYUEGAO。

  下面简单介绍一下提高工件加工精度的方法:

  首先,调整工艺系统

  1)TONGGUOSHIQIE-CELIANGCHICUN-DIAOZHENGDAOJUDEJINJILIANG-ZAICIJINJI-QIEGELAIDIAOZHENGSHIQIEFANGFA,BINGQIEZHONGFUZHEIYIGUOCHENGZHIDAODADAOSUOXUCHICUN。ZHEIZHONGFANGFASHENGCHANXIAOLVDI,ZHUYAOYONGYUDANJIANHEXIAOPILIANGSHENGCHAN。

  2)DIAOZHENGFANGFASHITONGGUOYUXIANDIAOZHENGJICHUANG、JIAJU、GONGJIANHEDAOJUDEXIANGDUIWEIZHILAIHUODESUOXUDECHICUN。GAIFANGFASHENGCHANLVGAO,ZHUYAOYONGYUDAGUIMOSHENGCHAN。

  第二,减少机床误差

  1)ZHOUCHENGDEXUANZHUANJINGDUYINGTIGAO:

  (1)XUANZEGAOJINGDUGUNDONGZHOUCHENG;

  CAIYONGGAOJINGDUDUOYOUXIEDONGYAZHOUCHENG;

  CAIYONGGAOJINGDUJINGYAZHOUCHENG

  2)ZHOUCHENGPEIJIANJINGDUTIGAO:

  (1)TIGAOXIANGTIZHICHENGKONGHEZHUZHOUJINGDEJIAGONGJINGDU;

  (2)TIGAOZHOUCHENGPEIHEMIANDEJIAGONGJINGDU;

  CELIANGBINGDIAOZHENGXIANGYINGLINGJIANDEJINGXIANGTIAODONGFANWEI,YIBUCHANGHUOXIAOCHUWUCHA。3)SHIDANGYUZAIGUNDONGZHOUCHENG:

  JIANXIKEYIXIAOCHU;

  ZENGJIAZHOUCHENGGANGDU;

  JUNHENGGUNDONGYUANJIANWUCHA。

  4)SHIZHUZHOUXUANZHUANJINGDUBUZAIGONGJIANSHANGFANYINGCHULAI

  第三,减少传动链的传动误差

  1)CHUANDONGJIANSHULIANGSHAO,CHUANDONGLIANDUAN,CHUANDONGJINGDUGAO;

  2)JIANSUCHUANDONGSHIBAOZHENGCHUANDONGJINGDUDEZHONGYAOYUANZE,YUEKAOJINMODUANCHUANDONGFU,QICHUANDONGBIYINGYUEXIAO;

  3)DUANZIBUFENDEJINGDUYINGGAOYUQITACHUANDONGBUFEN。

  第四,减少工具磨损

  1)ZAIDAOJUCHICUNMOSUNDADAOJIANRUIMOSUNJIEDUANZHIQIAN,YOUBIYAOZAICIMODAO

  2)XUANZEZHUANYONGQIEXUEYOUJINXINGCHONGFENRUNHUA

  3)DAOJUCAILIAOYINGFUHEGONGYIYAOQIU

  第五,减少工艺系统的应力和变形

  1)TIGAOXITONGDEGANGDU,YOUQISHIGONGYIXITONGZHONGBORUOHUANJIEDEGANGDU;

  2)JIANSHAOFUHEJIQIBIANHUA

  第六,减少工艺系统的热变形

  1)JIANSHAOREYUANDEJIARE,GELIREYUAN

  2)PINGHENGWENDUCHANG

  3)CAIYONGHELIDEJICHUANGBUJIANJIEGOUHEZHUANGPEIJIZHUN

  4)JIASUYISHIXIANRECHUANDIPINGHENG

  5)KONGZHIHUANJINGWENDU

  七、降低残余应力

  1)ZENGJIAXIAOCHUNEIYINGLIDERECHULIGONGXU;

  2)合理安排工艺流程。
来自数控机床厂老操作员的分享:怎样提高工件加工的精度和效率?图

  加工路线的合理设置:

  HELISHEZHIJIAGONGLUXIANHESHUNXUSHIYOUHUAGONGJIANJIAGONGBIANCHENGDEZHONGYAOYIJU。KEYICONGJIAGONGLUJING、JINJIFANGSHIDENGFANGMIANKAOLV。

  ZAIGONGJIANDESHUKONGXIANXUEZHONG,XUYAOGENJUGONGJIANDEGONGYIYAOQIUXUANZEHESHIDEJINJIFANGSHI,YIBAOZHENGGONGJIANDEQIEXUEJINGDUHEJIAGONGXIAOLV。XIANXUEPINGMIANGONGJIANWAILUNKUOSHI,YINGANPAIHAOQIERUHEQIECHULUXIAN。JINLIANGYANZHELUNKUOQUXIANDEYANZHANGXIANQIEGE,BIMIANJIAOJIECHUCHUXIANDAOHEN。TONGSHI,GENJUGONGJIANDEQINGKUANG,TIANBOTIYUYINGGAIXUANZEZHENGXIANGXIANXUEHUOFANXIANGXIANXUE。

  DAOJUDEXUANZEHEZHENGQUEANZHUANG

  WULUNSHISHUKONGJIAGONGHAISHIPUTONGJIAGONG,DAOJUDOUZHIJIEZUOYONGZAIGONGJIANSHANG,YINCIDAOJUDEXUANZEHEANZHUANGSHIYINGXIANGGONGJIANJIAGONGJINGDUHEBIAOMIANZHILIANGDEZUIZHONGYAOYINSU。TEBIESHIZAISHUKONGJIAGONGZHONGXINJIAGONGGONGJIANSHI,DAOJUYUXIANCUNFANGZAIDAOKUZHONG,YIDANJIAGONGKAISHI,BUYUNXUSUIYIGENGHUAN。SUOYIDAOJUXUANZEDEYIBANYUANZESHI:ANZHUANGDIAOZHENGFANGBIAN,GANGXINGHAO,NAIYONGDUGAO,JINGDUGAO。

  切割用量的合理选择:

  ZHEISHISHUKONGJICHUANGCHANGDEMEIYIGERENLEJIEDEJIBENZHISHI,TADEJIBENXUANZEYUANZESHI:ZAIYUNXUGANGDUDETIAOJIANXIA,CUJIAGONGQUJIAODADEQIEXUESHENDU,YIJIANSHAODAOCI,TIGAOGONGJIANDESHENGCHANLV;JINGJIAGONGTONGCHANGXUYAOJIAOXIAODEQIEXUESHENDULAIHUODEJIAOGAODEBIAOMIANZHILIANG。

  YISHANGJIUSHILAIZISHUKONGJICHUANGCHANGLAOCAOZUOYUANDEFENXIANG:ZENYANGTIGAOGONGJIANJIAGONGDEJINGDUHEXIAOLV。BIJIAOYUKEBENSHANGDEZHISHI,ZHEIXIEGENGJIASHIYONG,DOUSHITIANBOTIYULAOYUANGONGYUJIANGUODERANHOUTONGGUOJISHUDENGFANGSHIJIEJUEHOUDEJINGYAN,DUIYUTIANBOTIYUTIANBOTIYUGANGRUXINGDERENLAISHUODOUSHIYIBIBUXIAODECAIFU,XIWANGYISHANGDENEIRONGDUIYUEDUCIWENDENINYOUBANGZHU,TISHENGJIAGONGGONGJIANDEJINGDUHEZHILIANG。

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